Software testing is a fairly vast topic with applications and systems engineered across domains and industry specifications. For a tester, every testing project is a challenge with respect to understanding the customer’s viewpoint along with forming a dedicated test plan before moving ahead with a dedicated testing plan.
Every tester might have to change the testing methodology as well, due to changes and constraints in the real procedure. However, nothing beats mastering the fundamentals right. It is one of the core aspects of becoming a good tester hence let us start by covering software testing basics in incremental order.
The Emergence and Need: Why Software Testing?
Testing was an offset of the emergence of the Software Development lifecycle. Developing a code for a software application is complicated as there are a plethora of resources that are involved in the procedure. Since a lot of human brains go on and about it, there is a wider scope for human errors that can challenge the end product. This is the
reason that software testing was started. It is necessary in order to maintain an effective performance of any particular software or application.
It’s fundamental since it ensures that the customer finds the association dependable and their fulfillment in the application is kept up.
Testing is fundamental so as to give the offices to the clients like the conveyance of excellent programming application which requires lower support cost and subsequently results in progressively precise, predictable and dependable outcomes. Major QA software companies are gaining massive momentum as a result.
Testing Nomenclature – Dissecting the what, who and how of it
Defect – The most common question that you will be wondering about hearing a group of testers talking from any application testing companies is what is a defect in software testing?
A defect is whatever isn’t in accordance with the product prerequisite particulars. A defect, for the most part, exists either in the code of the program or in its plan. This outcome in mistaken output at the hour of execution of the program.
Severity – Severity characterizes how extreme will be the effect of the defect on the exhibition of the framework.
Validation – Validation makes sure to check whether the software is in direct line with the customer prerequisites and requirements or not
Verification – Verification helps in guaranteeing if the framework is being created in the correct manner. The focal point of verification is on the nature of programming that is being developed
Software Quality Assurance – Software Quality Assurance is a set of steps and actions that need to take for guaranteeing the quality of the end deliverable software
Software Quality Control – Software Quality Control is a set of designated actions for guaranteeing quality in software products.
Software Testing Life Cycle – Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) characterizes the stages in the testing of particular software.
Top Different Types of Software Testing
Now that we are clear with common and frequently used testing terms, let us go ahead and get to know the different software testing types in detail.
1. Unit Testing
It is a technique by which singular units of source code are tried to decide whether they are fit for use.
2. Integration Testing
Here individual programming modules are joined and tested as an aggregated group.
3. Functionality Testing
It is a kind of discovery testing that puts together its experiments with respect to the particulars of the product segment under test.
4. Usability Testing
It is a method used to assess an item by testing it on clients and ease of usage with respect to clients on a real-time basis.
5. System Testing
This is a form of testing which is conducted on a total, incorporated framework to assess the framework’s consistency with its predefined prerequisites.
6. Performance Testing
It is a test that is performed to decide how quickly some part of a framework performs under a specific workload.
7. Load Testing
It alludes to the act of demonstrating the normal use of a product program by simulating a group of concurrent real-time users accessing the program simultaneously.
8. Stress Testing
It is a type of testing that is utilized to decide the stability of a given framework or element with respect to its operation and usage.
Even though we can never cover all aspects of testing, the aspects covered above are a good way to start around software testing. Taking the initial step is an absolute necessity, the rest will follow. Also make sure to keep yourself continuously updated in terms of technology, trends that define the outsourced software testing services and the market. Being upbeat in the core testing arena is the best way to be.
Parimal Kumar is a professional software testing expert and currently, he is the owner and CEO of Testrig Technologies, the world’s leading software testing company. He is passionate about the IT industry and especially loves to explore more about Test automation, IoT testing, and agile testing.